Surface Contaminations In Low Background Experiments: Study of Radon-induced surface contaminations in neutrinoless double beta decay and dark matter searches

Surface Contaminations In Low Background Experiments: Study of Radon-induced surface contaminations in neutrinoless double beta decay and dark matter searches


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von Luca Pattavina

Beschreibung

In experiments looking for rare events, like neutrinoless double beta decay (DBD0v) and dark matter search (DM), one of the main issues is to increase the experimental sensitivity through the material selection and production. In the specific the background contribution coming from the materials used for the detector realization has to be minimized. Moreover the net reduction of the background produced by the bulk part of the apparatus has raised concerns about the background contribution coming from the surfaces. Many procedures and techniques were developed to minimize the presence of possible contaminants on detector surfaces. To succeed in this strategy a big effort was put in defining all possible mechanisms that lead to surface contaminations. The presence in air and gases of possible radioactive elements that can stick on the detector surfaces can lead to a recontamination process that will vanish all the applied cleaning procedures. Here is presented and analyzed the contribution to the background of rare events experiments like CUORE (DBD0v) and EDELWEISS (DM) produced by an exposure of their detector components to a Radon-222 contamination.


Tags: Physik, Astronomie


Taschenbuch - 9783848430062
Verlag: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Ersterscheinung: April 2012
ISBN-13: 9783848430062
Größe: 220 mm x 150 mm x 11 mm
Gewicht: 284 Gramm
180 Seiten
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