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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Schütze in German means 'shooter' or 'rifleman'. It also occasionally occurs as a surname, as Schütz, like in the opera Der Wildschütz. The word itself is derived from the German word schützen, meaning to protect, or to guard. It was originally used for archers, and is the German equivalent to Sagittarius.[disambiguation needed] As a rank of the Armed Forces of Germany in First World War until 1918, Schütze was used for the lowest enlisted ranks in Machine Gun units and some elite troops like Saxon Schützen-Regiment 108 exclusively. Usually translated as 'Private', from 1920 on it names the lowest enlisted rank of the Reichswehr Infantry. The equivalent of Schütze in the other branches of the German military was Jäger, Kanonier, Pionier, Kraftfahrer etc. in the Army, Flieger in the Luftwaffe from 1935 on, Matrose and Heizer (until 1938) in the Navy.