Managing chickpea pod borer with entomopathogenic nematodes: Integrating entomopathogenic nematodes with other bio-pesticides for managing chickpea pod borer

Managing chickpea pod borer with entomopathogenic nematodes: Integrating entomopathogenic nematodes with other bio-pesticides for managing chickpea pod borer

von B. V. Patil, Prabhuraj Aralimarad
Taschenbuch - 9783838338972
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Beschreibung

Helicoverpa armigera (Hüb.) commonly known as pod borer or bollworm is the only pest which comes regularly on chickpea, an important pulse crop grown in Indian Sub Continent. Use of biorationals (nematodes and botanicals) is gaining momentum in view of ill effects of insecticides on environment and non target organisms including human beings. Lethal concentration of 145 infective juveniles (IJs) and 195 IJs of Heterorhabditis indica was fixed for third and fourth instar larva, respectively. Nematode survivability enhances when applied along with antidessicant, glycerin (0.1%). In combination studies, H. indica recorded the highest mortality (60-100%) when combined with botanicals compared to alone treatments which indicate the synergistic action against test larvae. In the field trial, sequential application of H. indica + P. juliflora (1 lakh IJs/l + 10%) recorded highest larval reduction (23.47%), minimum pod yield (11.27%) and highest seed yield (19.24 q/ha). The same combination fetched the highest net returns of Rs. 24,474/ ha with an incremental cost benefit ratio of 1:7.34 which is on par with insecticidal spray (Rs. 24,818/ha and 1:11.6).

Details

Verlag LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Ersterscheinung Februar 2013
Maße 220 mm x 150 mm x 4 mm
Gewicht 106 Gramm
Format Taschenbuch
ISBN-13 9783838338972
Auflage Nicht bekannt
Seiten 60

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